Towards stronger cooperation with the private sector

The end of the Cold War period changes the political and economic climate, and accelerates trends towards globalization and the liberalization, integration and interdependence of markets, as well as international cooperation on global issues. At the same time, the Washington Consensus, which promotes trade liberalization and the expansion of the role of market forces within the economy, becomes very powerful and shapes economic policymaking. The international community replaces the concept of economic self-sufficiency with a trade-focused approach, reflected by the Marrakech Agreement (1994) and later by the founding of the World Trade Organization.


Integrated approach
Investment technology promotion

UNIDO strengthens links between industry and agriculture, and service sectors.

First investment promotion services introduced to become future network of Investment and Technology Promotion Offices (ITPOs).


New technology centre
Women's empowerment

International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology opens its facilities in Italy and India.

Unit for the integration of women in industrial development created.


Preserving the ozone layer

UNIDO assists countries phase out use of ozone-depleting substances under Montreal Protocol.


Mauricio de Maria y Campos

Mauricio de Maria y Campos (Mexico) is elected Director General.


Cooperation with the EU

UNIDO and the European Union sign Cooperation Agreement.


The Multi-function Platform

The first Multi-function Platform projects implemented to provide affordable, modern energy services to rural populations in Mali and Burkina Faso.


SME cluster and network development

New programme focuses on networking to develop small-scale enterprises.


Cleaner production centres

UNIDO and UNEP jointly establish the first National Cleaner Production Centres.