1996-2005

Staying strong and flexible in a changing development cooperation paradigm

This decade continues the trends towards globalization, the liberalization, integration and interdependence of markets, and international cooperation on global environmental issues. Emerging economies and markets play an increasingly important role in the global economy and development cooperation. The paradigm shift towards social sectors in international development cooperation is reconfirmed in 2000 by the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals; economic development is to be achieved by the market economy. Official development aid and lending for economic infrastructure and industrial cooperation are accordingly reduced.

1996

Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT)

Publication of Guidelines for Infrastructure Development through Build-Operate-Transfer Projects.

1997

Carlos Magariños

Carlos Magariños (Argentina) is elected Director General.

1998

Public-private partnerships

UNIDO and Fiat agree to upgrade car component suppliers in India. Publicprivate partnerships with Microsoft, Hewlett Packard, Metro Group, AEON, Samsung and Volvo, follow.

2000

Global Environment Facility

Partnership with Global Environment Facility enhanced with focus on reducing persistent organic pollutants and sound chemical management.

2001

Stockholm Convention

UNIDO becomes major implementing agency under Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.

2005

Aid for Trade Kyoto Protocol

UNIDO becomes a key player in WTO-led Aid for Trade initiative.

The Kyoto Protocol establishes legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

2005

Kandeh Yumkella

Kandeh Yumkella (Sierra Leone) is elected Director General.